Summary of Viet Nam Seaport System Capacity 2022

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Summary of Viet Nam Seaport System Capacity 2022

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17/03/2023

The recent Vietnamese seaport system has been focused on investment with the current scale and technology that reaches internationally, especially the container port system (02 seaports of Viet Nam, Hai Phong, and Ho Chi Minh City are in the top 50 largest container ports worldwide).

1. Viet Nam's seaport infrastructure

As of June 2022, Vietnam's seaport system currently has 286 ports, distributed in 5 groups of seaports, with a total length of more than 96 km, and infrastructure to meet the throughput of more than 706 million tons per year in 2021. Established gateway ports combining international transshipment in the North and the South; successfully received container ships up to 132,000 DWT at Lach Huyen Wharf (Hai Phong), up to 214,000 DWT at Cai Mep Wharf (Ba Ria - Vung Tau).
 

Table 1: Summary of the current capacity of the Vietnam Port System - Source: Vietnam Maritime Administration (06/2022)

Most ports associated with centers and large economic regions of the country have formed large seaports as a focal point for import and export of goods and created motivation to develop the whole region such as:
Quang Ninh and Hai Phong associated with the Northern key economic region; Nghi Son, Ha Tinh, Thua Thien - Hue, Da Nang, Quang Ngai, and Quy Nhon associated with the key economic region of the Central region; Khanh Hoa, Ba Ria - Vung Tau, TP. Ho Chi Minh City and Dong Nai associated with the economic zone of the Southeast; Can Tho, Long An, and An Giang associated with the key economic region of the Mekong Delta.
 
2. Scale and quality of Viet Nam seaport
 
The recent Vietnamese seaport system has been focused on investment with the current scale and technology that reaches internationally, especially the container port system (02 seaports of Viet Nam, Hai Phong, and Ho Chi Minh City are in the top 50 largest container ports worldwide).
 
In 2021, the total amount of goods passed through Viet Nam seaport reached 706.13 million tons, up 2% compared to 2020 in the context of the impact of Covid-19. In particular, exports reached 185.1 million tons, up 4.4%; Domestic goods reached 305.8 million tons, up 6.3%. Particularly container goods reached nearly 24 million TEU, up 7% compared to the previous year. In particular, the volume of goods imported and exported by international transportation of Vietnam's shipping fleet ship fleet reached a growth rate of 54% (nearly 5 million tons) compared to 2020. The main items of transport on maritime routes travel China, Japan, Korea, Southeast Asia, and some European routes.
 
The volume of goods passed through the seaport in 9 months of 2022 reached 550,2 million tons, up 3.6% over the same period in 2021. Of which export goods reached 134.3 million tons, domestic goods reached 257.5. million tons. Particularly container goods reached 18.9 million TEU, up 2.3% over the same period in 2021. Regarding shipping routes, Vietnam has established 32 routes, of which 25 international transport routes and 7 transport routes Inland, in addition to the inner levels of Asia, the Northern region has exploited two routes to North America; The South has formed 16 train routes away from North America and Europe superior to Southeast Asian countries (only after Malaysia and Singapore).
 
Map 2: Scale of Viet Nam seaport
 
4. Objectives to 2030
 
a.       About capacity:
 
Satisfy import-export demand of goods, trade between regions throughout the country, and transshipment and transit goods for countries in the region, as well as domestic and international. The seaport system can handle goods from 1,140 to 1,423 million tons (of which container cargo is from 38 to 47 million TEUs).

b.      About infrastructure:
 
Priority is given to the development of international gateway ports, Lach Huyen (Hai Phong), Cai Mep (Ba Ria - Vung Tau). Studying appropriate mechanisms and policies to gradually develop an international transshipment port at Van Phong (Khanh Hoa) to exploit the potential of natural conditions and geographical location. Planning on development orientation of Tran De port (Soc Trang) serving the Mekong Delta so that investment can be deployed when conditions are met; large-scale seaports serving socio-economic development of the whole country or inter-region; large-scale ports serving economic zones and industrial zones; ports in island districts to serve socio-economic development in association with national defense and security and sovereignty over sea and islands.
 
Accordingly, by 2030, according to scale and function, Vietnam's seaport system will include 5 groups of seaports with 36 seaports, 02 special seaports (Hai Phong, Ba Ria - Vung Tau), 15 seaports of class-I, 06 seaports of class-II, 13 seaports of class-III are expected to meet the throughput of about 1,14 - 1,42 billion tons. In which, the seaports of Thanh Hoa, Da Nang, Khanh Hoa and Soc Trang have the potential to become special seaport.
 
 Map 4.0 of seaport planning 2022-2030
 
Regarding the orientation of connecting traffic infrastructure, developing railway lines connecting with special-class seaports and class-I seaports on the North-South corridor; to form wharves for inland waterway vessels in seaport waters; highway system connecting with special seaports, national highway system, local roads directly connecting to seaport system. To develop inland ports in economic zones and economic corridors, giving priority to planning locations with favorable connections by inland waterway transport, river and sea transport, expressway, railway to important seaports in the group of seaports
 
Source Vietnam Maritime Administration & Ministry of Industry and Trade
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